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"What Would Walther Do? Applying Law and Gospel to Victims and Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse"
by Victor I. Vieth, J.D., National Child Protection Training Center, Winona, MN.
Journal of Psychology and Theology, 2012, Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 257-273
[Answer 14 of 20 questions correctly to receive
3 hours of Continuing Education credit]

1. The premise of this article is that
a. Christians often apply a heavy dose of law to victims of sexual abuse and apply the gospel to sexual abuse offenders.
b. Christians often apply a heavy dose of the gospel to victims of sexual abuse and apply the law to sexual abuse offenders.
c. historically, the mental health field has been understanding and compassionate toward victims of sexual abuse, beginning with Sigmund Freud.
d. many children are coached into false allegations of sexual abuse that never occurs.

2. Clergy and laity with a skeptical view of sexual abuse claims are more likely to
a. view claims of abuse as suspicious.
conclude that the child was equally responsible for any victimization.
apply a heavy dosage of law to problematic behaviors exhibited by the child—behaviors that, ironically, may be attributable to the abuse.
d. all of the above.

3. Which is NOT true?
a. A number of studies conclude that false claims of sexual abuse are rare.
b. When children do lie, it is usually done to protect the perpetrator, not to get anyone in trouble.
c. Pastors should be skeptical against allegations of sexual abuse against a respected church member
d. Law enforcement officers and other child protection professionals have improved their skills in interviewing abused children and collecting evidence, thus reducing the risk of false allegations.

In 1983, Dr. Roland Summit from UCLA published a pioneering paper which helped professionals and laypersons understand the dynamics present in child sexual abuse cases that make it difficult for children to disclose abuse timely, if at all. According to Summit's Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome (CSAAS), sexual abuse cases are characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
a. secrecy.
b. false allegations.
c. helplessness.
d. entrapment and accommodation.
e. delayed, conflicting and unconvincing disclosure.
f. retraction.

5. Children who are sexually abused usually don't tell anyone because
a. the abuse usually happens when the child and perpetrator are alone, suggesting the need for secrecy.
b. the perpetrator promises that bad things will happen if there is disclosure.
c. the perpetrator promises rewards or safety in return for the child's secrecy.
d. all of the above.

6. Which is NOT true?

a. Most sexual abuse of children is committed by strangers.
b. Child sexual abuse victims feel helpless to stop the abuse because they are usually smaller and younger than their abuser, and they are taught by society to obey those in authority.
c. Children may cope with their abuse by telling themselves they are receiving gifts and other privileges from the abuser.
d. Children may cope with their abuse by "dissociating" during abuse episodes. This is where their mind goes to another place in order to escape the horror they are experiencing.

7. " ___________
is the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states” that “recurrently take control of behavior.” Each personality state “may be experienced as if
it has a distinct personal history, self-image, and identity, including a separate name.”
Even though the medical and mental health fields are not in complete agreement as to the prevalence or even existence of
___________ , clergy and laity should conclude that a child who has been diagnosed with ___________ has likely suffered severe trauma and is in need of continuing, professional mental health support.
a. Bi-Polar Disorder
b. Borderline Personality Disorder
c. Dissociative Identity Disorder
d. Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder

8. Which is NOT true?
a. Many children do not disclose sexual abuse.
b. Children who were sexually abused may develop harmful patterns of behavior which make their disclosure unconvincing to adults, behaviors such as self-mutilation, promiscuity, truancy, rage, and suicidal tendencies.
c. After disclosure of abuse, t
he perpetrator’s claims that the child would be isolated, not believed, be removed from the home, bullied at school or any number of other horrors rarely come true.
d. Some children recant their disclosure of abuse because they conclude that the consequences of telling the truth about the abuse are worse than keeping quiet.

9. Which is NOT true about sex offenders?
a. All child molesters are sexually attracted to children.
b. M
any pedophiles molest hundreds, even thousands, of children without ever getting caught.
c. Some child molesters sexually abuse children because they are psychotic and antisocial.
d. Some child molesters abuse children to gain intimacy they are too timid or impaired to obtain from adults.

10. Religious sex offenders may be the most dangerous group of child molesters because
a. they are more likely to use force against their victims than non-religious offenders.
b. they find that religious people are easier to deceive than most people, because religious people want to believe the good in people.
c. they often abuse children in the name of God. For example, the molester may tell the victim that if he or she discloses the abuse, the church will condemn the victim for his or her sin.
d. All of the above.

11. Perhaps more than any other theologian, C.F.W. Walther applied himself to understanding the application of law and gospel...He stood almost alone in the 19th century American theological scene as one fully aware of the crucial importance of the problems of Law and Gospel.
Walther once helped a woman whose husband physically abused her, once beating her so severely she became unconscious. Walther believed that a husband pledged to love his wife as Christ love the church would not beat her (Ephesians 5:34).
As a result, what action did Walther take on behalf of this woman?
a. He confronted her husband.
b. He drafted a petition for her separation.
c. He called the police.
d. He expelled the husband from his church.

12. In a wedding sermon, Walther said all of the following are obligations of a husband to love his wife EXCEPT to
a. care for her body and soul.
b. pray for her and with her.
c. make decisions in his favor when they disagree.
d. not let her lack for any good thing.
e. be her protector.
f. comfort her in moments of sadness.
g. daily seek to provide her joy.

13. In the case of sexual exploitation of women by their leader, Martin Stephan, Walther applied ____ to the perpetrator and ____ to the exploited women.

a. the law, the gospel
b. the gospel, the law
c. the Word of grace, the Word of wrath
d. salvation and peace, the voice of the Judge

14. What advice is NOT given to pastors and other Christians when helping victims of childhood abuse?
a. Avoid focusing on the victim's sinful behaviors, such as drinking, smoking, sex, and anger, and instead focus on the victim's brokenness.
b. Tell victims of Christ's love for children, of His grave warnings to anyone who harms them, that the angels of children have direct access to God (Matthew 18:10), and that being tossed into the sea with a millstone around their neck would be a better choice than to hurt a child (Matthew 18:6).c. Tell victims that something good will come out of their abuse, since God causes all things to work together for good (Romans 8:28).
d. Tell victims that Christ Himself was a descendant of a sexually exploited woman, Rahab the harlot (Matthew 1:5).
e. Tell victims that Jesus understands emotional and physical abuse, as He was called names, mocked, crowned with thorns, whipped, disrobed, humiliated, and crucified.

15. What book does the author recommend for answering complex theological questions about the unanswered prayers of child abuse victims?
a. What Good Is God? by Philip Yancey
b. Counseling Survivors of Sexual Abuse by Diane Mandt Langberg, Ph.D.
c. Mending the Soul -- Understanding and Healing Abuse by Steven R. Tracy, Ph.D.
d. Caring for Sexually Abused Children: A Handbook for Families and Churches by Dr. R. Timothy Kearney.

16. Which is NOT true about forgiving a child abuser?
a. A child abuse victim who truly forgives will not prosecute the abuser.
b. Rather than telling victims they must forgive their abusers, which tends to overwhelm them with despair, tell them that forgiveness is a gift from God which allows them to let go of anxiety, hatred, and anger.
c. Teach abuse victims about how God forgives us through Christ on the cross, which can give them a desire to forgive others.
d. Victims who want to meet with the abuser should be cautioned about the likelihood of unrepentance.

17. "Cheap grace" is a phrase first used by Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a Lutheran minister executed by the Nazis because of his opposition to their government. An example of cheap grace is when
a. a pastor forgives a child sex abuser upon hearing his first confession and seeing his tears of remorse, and takes no further action.
b. a pastor believes a sex abuser's promises to never abuse again.
c. a pastor accepts an abuser's claim that he has only ever abused one child.
d. All of the above.

18. Given the manipulative nature of sex abuse offenders, clergy should ask them a series of questions to determine the seriousness of the offender's repentance. Of the following, which question was NOT included in the examples given?
a. Have you informed your spouse that you have sexually abused a child? If your spouse wants you to move out of the house, are you willing to do it? If the child victim wants you to leave the house are you willing to do it?
b. Have you informed your child's medical provider that you have violated his or her body?
c. Are you willing to be publicly identified for the rest of your life as a child sex abuser offender?
d. Have you referred the abuse child to a counselor to assist in coping with the abuse you have inflicted on him or her?
e. Do you hold yourself fully responsible for your conduct -- or do you believe your victim in some way contributed to the abuse?
f. Have you turned yourself into the police? Are you willing to confess your crimes to the police or will you make them "prove it"? If the government files charges for crimes you have committed, will you be pleading guilty or will you force your child victim to testify publicly and be grilled by any attorney you hire?
g. Are you willing to enroll in a sex offender treatment program?

19. The author compares sex offenders who are unwilling to hold themselves accountable to the authorities or to do everything in their means to assist the children they have harmed, to parishioners who confess to
a. committing numerous thefts, but have no intention of returning the stolen property, or turning themselves into the police.
b. committing adultery, but do not break off the illicit relationship.
c. spending large sums of money without their spouse's consent, but don't stop spending.
d. having a significant drinking problem, but do not seek treatment for it.

20. The author said that pastors who hear Christian sex offenders complaining about prison sentences, separation from their families, and possible life-long registration as sex offenders should remind them of
a. the prodigal son, who confessed, "Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight; I am no longer worthy to be called your son." (Luke 15:18,19)
b. the repentant thief on the cross next to Jesus who said, "We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve." (Luke 23:41) Jesus said to him, "Today you will be with Me in paradise." (Luke 23:43)
c. the humble tax collector who "was even unwilling to life up his eyes to heaven, but was beating his breast, saying, 'God, be merciful to me, the sinner!'" (Luke 18:13)
d. the woman who washed Jesus' feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. Jesus said, "Her sins, which are many, have been forgiven." (Luke 7:47)