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Psychopharmacology -- Basics for Counselors
by Gregory L. Little, Ed.D.
© 1997
(Advanced Training Associates: Memphis, TN). All rights reserved [278p]
Answer 14 of 20 questions correctly to receive
11 hours of Continuing Education credit.]

Chapter 1: Psychopharmacology: Definitions & Brief History (p 7-14)
1. In the 1950s, the discovery of the drug _________ forever changed the fields of psychiatry and psychopharmacology by drastically reducing psychotic symptoms, especially agitation and unpredictable behavior.
a. sodium amytal
b. chloral hydrate
c. chlorpromazine
d. insulin

Chapter 2: Terms, Definitions & Methods in Psychopharmacology (p 15-30)
2. Which provides evidence against the concept of an addictive personality?
a. Animals become dependent on the exact same drugs as humans do.
b. Many addictions can be overcome voluntarily without ever seeking help.
c. Addictive drugs do not quickly corrupt.
d. all of the above.

Chapter 3: Basic Brain Anatomy and Function (p 31-46)
3. The ______ controls eating and drinking, body temperature, our sleep/wake cycle, blood sugar levels, heart rate, and more.
a. hippocampus
b. fornix
c. hypothalamus
d. cerebral cortex

4. Antianxiety drugs called benzodiazepines derive their calming effects by reducing activity in the
a. limbic system.
b. basal ganglia.
c. medulla.
d. cerebellum.

Chapter 4: Understanding Brain Cells: How Neurons Work (p 47-67)
5. Reuptake occurs when neurotransmitters released into the synapse are
a. broken apart by enzymes.
b. prevented from reentering the receptor sites.
c. clogged.
d. taken back into the axon to be reused.

Chapter 5: Understanding Neurotransmitters, Receptors, & Their Functions (p 69-89)

6. The major neurotransmitter involved in pleasure is
a. acetylcholine (ACh)
b. norepinephrine (NE)
c. dopamine (DA)
d. histamine

7. Alcohol is a depressant because it
a. induces sleep.
b. inhibits the brainís inhibitory system.
c. increases sadness.
d. gradually deteriorates oneís health.

Chapter 6: Basic Drug Classification: Extent of Drug Abuse & Drug Dependence (p 91-98)
8. According to the University of Michiganís National Comorbidity Study (1994), over the course of their lifetimes, ______ percent of the adult male population would show either a substance abuse or dependence diagnosis.
a. 2.8
b. 7.2
c. 12.5
d. 35.4

Chapter 7: Narcotics: Opiate Derivatives (p 99-112)
9. Which is NOT a major problem associated with narcotic addiction?
a. physical damage to heart and lungs
b. disease complications from needle sharing
c. crime stemming from maintaining an expensive habit
d. overdoses

Chapter 8: Alcohol (p 113-139)
10. Which is NOT true about alcohol?
a. A 12-ounce beer contains about the same alcohol as a shot of whiskey.
b. The depression period following alcohol withdrawal is at its worst during the first six months of abstinence.
c. Cognitive-behavioral therapy significantly reduces subsequent DWI offenses.
d. Antisocial personality disorder is the most common diagnosis of criminal alcohol abusers.

11. How much alcohol can an undamaged liver metabolize per hour?
a. one-fourth to one-third ounce of alcohol
b. one-half ounce of alcohol
c. one 12-ounce beer
d. one 4-ounce glass of wine

12. George Valliantís longitudinal study on alcohol abuse concluded that
a. alcohol abuse tends to continue for decades without remission.
b. relapse was rare if abstinence could be maintained for 5 years.
c. alcoholism is inherited genetically from oneís family.
d. (a) and (b)

Chapter 9: Depressants, Sedatives & Hypnotics (p 141-152)
13. Barbituates are most frequently prescribed for which reason?
a. sleep
b. convulsions
c. pain
d. anxiety

Chapter 10: Stimulants: Cocaine & Amphetamines (p 153-170)
14. Which in NOT associated with cocaine withdrawal?
a. depression
b. increased energy
c. intense cravings
d. anhedonia

Chapter 11: Marijuana (p 171-183)
15. Currently, studies show that the adverse effects of marijuana include all of the following EXCEPT
a. impaired driving skills.
b. increased blood pressure.
c. lower immunity to infections.
d. the death of brain cells.

Chapter 12: Hallucinogens (p 185-197)
16. Which is NOT true about LSD?
a. rapid tolerance
b. birth defects
c. no physical dependence
d. no withdrawal syndrome

Chapter 13: Caffeine, Tobacco & Inhalants (p 199-221)
17. Which contains the most caffeine?
a. one ounce of milk chocolate
b. one ounce of semi-sweet (dark) chocolate
c. one cup of hot cocoa
d. one cup of brewed coffee

18. The power of nicotine addiction is demonstrated by the fact that while over one-third of smokers in the United States have tried to quit, only ___ percent of all smokers actually did quit.
a. 8.4
b. 12.5
c. 18.6
d. 22.7

Chapter 14: Nonprescription Drugs (p 223-233)
19. Nonprescription drugs
a. are always less effective than prescription drugs.
b. are decreasing in popularity.
c. should be discouraged by counselors.
d. have not been studied long enough.

Chapter 15: Neuroleptics (p 235-249)
20. The mainstay drug of treatment for bipolar affective disorder (manic depression) is
a. Valium.
b. Clozaril.
c. Lithium.
d. Prozac.