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Psychology, Theology and Spirituality in Christian Counseling
by Mark R. McMinn, Ph.D. © 1996.
(Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. (Wheaton, IL) All rights reserved.

[Answer 14 of 20 questions correctly to receive
12 hours of continuing education credit.]

Religion in the Counseling Office (pp. 1-27)
1. For the Christian counselor, spiritual disciplines are
a. opportunities to experience God.
b. non-essential to the healing process in counseling.
c. often credentialed through seminary graduate programs.
d. an adequate substitute for counseling techniques.

2. In the Christian worldview, people are essentially
a. good.
b. victims of suffering.
c. too passive and unassertive.
d. broken and in need of God’s restoration.

Toward Psychological and Spiritual Health (pp. 29-60)
3. Spiritual transformation always involves an awareness of one’s _______.
a. independence.
b. neediness.
c. worth.
d. abilities.

4. An “accurate awareness of self” results in
a. loving myself more.
b. moving beyond preoccupation with myself.
c. loving myself less.
d. dwelling on how bad I am.

5. When a client says he feels like a bad person, the author recommends that the therapist
a. assure him that he is not a bad person.
b. affirm with Scripture that he is a bad person.
c. highlight how much the client has been hurt by others.
d. create a safe relationship in which the client can honestly discuss his sinfulness.

6. Spiritual interventions in the counseling sessions would be most effective with a client who
a. has a healthy self-identity.
b. has a tendency toward self-hatred.
c. is bitter.
d. is developing a strong dependency on the counselor.

Prayer (pp. 61-92)
7. The author believes which of the following types of prayer presents the greatest risk of misuse in counseling?
a. prayer for a client outside of session
b. routine in-session prayer (outloud)
c. silent prayer for client during session
d. devotional meditation outside session

8. Professional counselors who want to pray outloud with their clients should
a. discern that the client is not overdependent on the counselor.
b. first inform the client through written consent.
c. first establish a private discipline of prayer in his/her own life.
d. all of the above.

Scripture (pp. 93-124)
9. A counselor who advocates progressive muscle relaxation to control anxiety symptoms is using a counseling strategy that is
a. directly derived from the Bible.
b. implied in the Bible.
c. neither advocated nor prohibited by the Bible.
d. contradicting a teaching of the Bible.

10. In contrast to modern models of mental health, a Christian counselor encourages clients to
a. look inside themselves for truth.
b. derive truth from Scriptural teaching with great humility.
c. disregard their feelings and experiences.
d. abandon notions of right and wrong.

Sin (pp. 125-162)
11. Sin is
a. a pervasive sickness in every person.
b. low self-esteem.
c. irresponsibility.
d. bad behaviors.

12. The author suggests that clients can best respond to sin in their lives by
a. strengthening their willpower.
b. eliminating bad habits.
c. seeking God more fervently.
d. practicing self-abasement.

13. “Direct censure” is most effective when
a. used early in the counseling relationship.
b. there is a high level of trust between counselor and client.
c. the client has a personality disorder.
d. the counselor has greater Bible knowledge than the client.

14. Guilt is beneficial to a client when it
a. helps the client adhere to moral standards.
b. motivates the client to reconcile with others.
c. produces a sorrow which leads to an acceptance of God’s grace.
d. all of the above.

15. Genuine confession results in feelings of
a. worthlessness.
b. unworthiness.
c. happiness.
d. self-abasement.

Forgiveness (pp. 203-235)
16. Forgiveness requires
a. remorse on the part of the offending party.
b. passive acceptance of wrong-doing.
c. sustained effort, usually over a long period of time.
d. reconciliation to the offending party.

17. The author believes that ______ theory is the best available option for helping clients confront their need for God and others.
a. behavioral
b. psychodynamic
c. cognitive
d. rational-emotive

18. Which of the following most resembles Christian forgiveness?
a. “Forgiveness helps me to get on with my life.”
b. “I want to keep peace in our relationship.”
c. “I’ve done bad things too and have been forgiven.”
d. “It’s not that big of a deal.”

Redemption (pp. 237-266)
19. The author believes that ______ clients need to be informed of the Christian counselor’s religious values.
a. all
b. only Christians
c. only non-Christians
d. only inquisitive

20. “Deborah” demonstrated a healthy sense of need when she
 a. called Dr. Vande Kemp from the hospital.
b. went jogging.
c. married a man similar to her father.
d. tried not “rocking the boat.”