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Promoting Change Through Brief Therapy in Christian Counseling
by Gary Oliver, Ph.D., Monte Hasz, Psy.D., and Matthew Richburg, M.A.
© 1997
(Tyndale House Publishers, Inc: Wheaton, IL) All rights reserved.

Answer 14 of 20 questions correctly to receive
12 hours of continuing education credit]

Change Happens, but Growth Takes Work (pp. 15-33)
1. The authors suggest change is difficult because
a. people do not know how to change.
b. people do not know why they behave the way they do.
c. people are creatures of habit.
d. people lack the proper help to change.

What is Brief Therapy? (pp. 37-50)
2. The most common reason why counselors get “stuck” or frustrated with a particular case is because of
a. unclear treatment goals.
b. client resistance.
c. not enough counseling sessions are approved by managed care.
d. lack of proper training.

Problem-Solving Brief-Therapy Models (pp. 51-68)
3. In helping a mother who has been trying to get her 12-year old daughter to do her homework, a therapist using the MRI model of brief therapy would
a. attempt solutions whose main theme is the opposite of previously attempted solutions.
b. convince her daughter of the importance of doing her homework.
c. take more of an active interest in her daughter’s homework.
d. reward study time with privileges such as use of the phone, shopping, etc.

4. A critical weakness of the MRI model is the use of
a. persuasion.
b. small changes.
c. therapy goals.
d. paradoxical interventions.

From Problem-Focused to Solution-Focused (pp. 69-94)
5. When Milton Erickson sternly advised a depressed woman to visit church members with a gift of one her African violets, he demonstrated the _________ principle.
a. utilitarian
b. authoritarian
c. coercion
d. pathology-focused

6. A therapist who asks a client about the most recent time the problem did not occur is asking
a. a scaling question.
b. an exception-finding question.
c. a miracle question
d. none of the above

7. Effective therapeutic goals
a. include being “kinder” to each other.
b. take a long time to achieve.
c. emphasize how couples should not behave toward each other.
d. are small.

Assumptions of Solution-Based Therapy (pp. 97-112)
8. Which of the following statements is not supported by the accompanying Biblical text?
a. People have all the resources they need to solve their problems (Romans 3:23).
b. Small change can lead to larger change (Luke 16:10).
c. Focusing on the positive is more effective than focusing on the negative (Philippians 4:8).
d. Each person has unique gifts from God (Romans 12:6).

The First Session (pp. 113-135)
9. If it is possible, the therapist should avoid
a. giving the client credit for small improvements.
b. cooperative goal setting.
c. problem identification.
d. determining spiritual resources.

10. A client coming to a first counseling session is typically
a. problem-focused.
b. aware of what they want.
c. aware of small, positive changes.
d. aware of the next step to take.

Developing and Maintaining a Clear Focus in Treatment
(pp. 137-152)
11. __________ are clients who come to counseling because someone wants them to.
a. Complainants
b. Customers
c. Visitors
d. Co-dependents

12. Which of the following statements is true?
a. Treatment goals are best stated in terms of feelings, not observable behavior.
b. An effective treatment goal quantifies what the change process looks like.
c. Having a “better relationship” is an effective treatment goal.
d. A husband deciding to “not avoid” his wife this week is an effective treatment goal.

13. A therapist should never
a. introduce doubt.
b. interrupt the client.
c. normalize the problem.
d. counsel without clear goals.

After the First Session: Keeping Change Going (pp. 153-174)
14. When a client reports “no change has occurred” since the previous session,
a. the client might be overlooking small improvements.
b. the client might have just experienced some negative events.
c. the counselor should probe thoroughly for even the smallest improvement.
d. all of the above.

15. A therapist who helps a client identify the chain of events which precede an outburst of anger is using the __________ technique.
a. modified scaling
b. early warning
c. confusion
d. symbolic

16. Homework that requires an anxious client to set aside 20 minutes every day just for worrying is called
a. prescribing the problem.
b. a prediction assignment.
c. the coin flip.
d. educational homework.

Adolescents: Sometimes It’s Got to Be Brief (pp. 177-195)
17. A therapist can help reduce an adolescent’s resistance to counseling by
a. highlighting the parents’ weaknesses.
b. affirming the teen’s right to not be in counseling.
c. labeling the adolescent’s problem.
d. working with what the adolescent perceives as the problem.

Promoting Change in Marriage (pp. 197-215)
18. At the end of the first session with Brian and Lori, the counselor did not
a. identify workable goals for each.
b. help Brian admit his personality flaws.
c. compliment them on their strengths.
d. assign homework.

What to Do When You Don’t Know What to Do (pp. 217-232)
19. The authors hold the view that
a. clients with difficult personalities cannot be helped.
b. if an experienced counselor gets “stuck,” it’s the client’s fault.
c. clients who are “stuck” should take a larger step.
d. agreeing with a resistant client can sometimes result in change.

Research: Can Anything So Simple Be So Effective? (pp. 235-251)
20. Research on brief therapy has shown that
a. brief therapy is ineffective for treating severe problems.
b. long-term therapy is much more effective than brief therapy.
c. people do not expect therapy to last many sessions.
d. brief therapy is cost effective.