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Pastoral Counseling with Adolescents and Young Adults
by Charles M. Shelton, Ph.D.
© 1995. (The Crossroad Publishing
Company: New York, NY). All rights Reserved.

[Answer 14 out of 20 questions correctly to receive
10 hours of Continuing Education credit.]


Chapter One: Adolescent Pastoral Counseling: Some Initial Consideration (p 1-28)
1. Which is NOT a good guideline for adults who work with youth?
a. Forgive your own parents.
b. Always be available.
c. You can’t save every adolescent.
d. Cultivate gratefulness.

2. The foundation for healthy conscience formation is
a. knowledge.
b. cognitive experience.
c. rules and regulations.
d. empathy.

Chapter Two: Adolescent Development and Dysfunction (p 29-72)
3. Adolescent criticism of parents is a result of
a. using drugs and alcohol.
b. copying peer behavior.
c. developing formal thinking abilities.
d. having a stressful home environment

4. _____ said that the sign of a healthy personality is, simply, to love and to work.

a. Freud
b. Erickson
c. Archer
d. Josselson

5. Consumerism and the media influence adolescents toward all of the following EXCEPT
a. violent behavior.
b. a distorted view of body image.
c. equating “being good” with “buying something.”
d. equating “being good” with “doing something.”

6. Resilient children had
a. athletic ability.
b. a large family.
c. an adult who believed in them.
d. money.

7. The defense mechanism in which the adolescent postpones gratification of impulses is called
a. anticipation.
b. suppression.
c. sublimation.
d. inhibition.

Chapter Three: Counseling -- Some Issues and Approaches (p 73-94)
8. The single best approach to enchancing self-esteem in youth is to encourage
a. academic performance.
b. identity growth.
c. physical fitness.
d. developing friendship.

Chapter Four: The Adolescent and the Family (p 95-108)
9. According to psychologists Youniss and Smollar, adolescent daughters’ conversations with their fathers center on
a. shared activities.
b. emotional support.
c. personal stories.
d. rules and advice.

Chapter Five: Adolescent Stress (p 109-118)
10. Adolescents having physical problems most frequently reported which of the following stressful events?
a. breaking up with boyfriend/girlfriend
b. teacher problems.
c. arguments with parents
d. failing report card grades

Chapter Six: Divorce and the Adolescent (p 119-130)
11. When adolescents still believe their divorced parents will reunite, it is helpful to
a. encourage them to hope for he best.
b. discuss the imperfections and disappointments of life.
c. share stories of how other divorced parents get reunited.
d. none of the above.

Chapter Seven: Eating Disorders (p 131-139)
12. True bulimia is characterized by
a. strict dieting.
b. eating "junk" foods.
c. any period of binge eating.
d. at least two binge episodes each week for 3 months.

Chapter Eight: Abuse and the Adolescent (p 140-152)
13. Which is TRUE?
a. Most sexual abuse is committed by strangers.
b. Sexual abuse occurs mostly among lower socioeconomic groups.
c. Stepchildren are more likely to be abused than biological children.
d. Incest rarely occurs.

Chapter Nine: Sexuality and the Adolescent (p 153-191)
14. According to Robert Sternberg, infatuation is
a. passionate love and nothing else.
b. intimate love and nothing else.
c. empty love.
d. non-love.

15. In exploring relationships with adolescents, the author prefers to focus the discussion on characteristics that promote

a. "intimacy."
b. "romance."
c. "closeness."
d. "health."

16. With a teen who is sexually active, the author’s suggestion of "loving challenge" means to

a. exhort the teen to stop the behavior.
b. help the teen reflect on the reasons for their sexual behavior.
c. encourage the use of contraceptives.
d. encourage having the sexual activity at home to avoid AIDS and STDs.

17. AIDS continues to increase among adolescents because

a. sexually active teens have not been well-informed about the risks of AIDS.
b. sexually active teens are not practicing safe sex.
c. condoms do not completely protect against HIV infection.
d. "b" and "c".

Chapter Ten: Depression and Adolescence (p 192-199)
18. When encountering a suicidal adolescent, the pastoral counselor should NOT
a. mention the subject of suicide.
b. ask if the teen has a plan.
c. refer to a mental health professional.
d. try to solve the adolescent’s problem.

Chapter Eleven: Drug Abuse and the Adolescent (p 200-211)
19. A teen is MORE likely to develop a drinking problem if
a. the teen is a male.
b. the teen has an alcoholic parent.
c. the teen is depressed.
d. all of the above.

20. The author’s best way to explain addiction to adolescents is
to compare alcohol to

a. gambling.
b. a best friend.
c. food.
d. sports.