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Make a Difference -- Talk to Your Child about Alcohol (booklet)
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
[Answer 9 of 13 questions correctly to receive
3 hours of Continuing Education credit.]

1. Which is NOT true?
a. Parents should talk with their children about alcohol before they start drinking, and not wait until after they start.
b. Parental disapproval of youthful alcohol use is the key reason children choose not to drink.
c. Parents really cannot influence their children's drinking. It's going to happen because of peer pressure.
d. The advice in this guide is recommended for parents whose children are between 10 and 14 years of age.

2. Although most children under the age of 14 have not yet begun to drink, alcohol is a powerful, mood-altering drug that affects the mind and body in often unpredictable ways. Teens lack the judgment and coping skills to handle alcohol wisely.
Which of the following is TRUE about how alcohol affects teen behavior?
a. A major cause of death among young people is alcohol-related traffic crashes.
b. Teens who use alcohol are more likely to be sexually active at earlier ages, to have sexual intercourse more often, and to have unprotected sex than teens who do not drink.
c. A person who begins drinking as a young teen is 4 times more likely to develop alcohol dependency than someone who waits until adulthood to use alcohol.
d. All of the above.

3. The brain of the adolescent is not fully developed until he is in his twenties. Until then, he may impulsively take risks that are dangerous.
a. True
b. False

4. Often teens will experiment with alcohol in order to fit in with their friends. The best way for parents to support their teens is to teach them how to drink responsibly.
a. True
b. False

5. Teens are much more likely to delay drinking when they have a close supportive tie with a parent or guardian. Which of the following was NOT a suggested way for parents to build a strong, supportive bond with their teen?
a. Spend regular, one-on-one time with your child, giving him or her your undivided attention.
b. Avoid using hurtful teasing or criticism.
c. Set clear, realistic expectations for your teen's behavior. Establish appropriate consequences for breaking rules and consistently enforce them.
d. Parents should view their teen's apparent need for privacy and independence as just a clever way of trying to break the rules without being caught, like using his cell phone after bedtime.

6. Which is NOT an effective way for parents to talk to their teens?
a. Listen without interruption.
b. Express your anger when the teen is disrespectful.
c. Ask open-ended questions. Avoid questions that can be answered with one-word answers.
d. Don't lecture.

7. It is not easy for most parents to talk to their teens about alcohol. All of the following are helpful things parents can say and o EXCEPT
a. Ask your teen what he or she knows about alcohol.
b. Ask your teen why he or she thinks teens drink.
c. Say that alcohol impairs a person's judgment, vision, coordination, reaction time, and clear thinking.
d. Say that beer and wine are safer than hard liquor.
e. Say that it takes 2 to 3 hours for a single drink to leave a person's system. Nothing can speed up this process, including drinking coffee, taking a cold shower, or walking it off.

8. Parents can offer many reasons to their teens for not drinking.
Assuming the parents are talking to their teenager, which of the following is NOT in agreement with those reasons?

a. "If I catch you drinking, you cannot live here anymore.
b. "As your parent, I don't want you to drink."
c. "You have too much self-respect to drink."
d. "If you drink and drive, you might get arrested, or cause a bad traffic accident."
e. "Drinking increases sexual assault and unprotected sex."
f. "Drinking can deceive you into thinking that the dangerous thing you are doing is not dangerous."
g. (If your family has a history of alcoholism) "You are more likely to develop a drinking problem because of our family history."
h. "Drinking before your brain is fully formed -- sometime in your twenties -- may lead to intellectual problems or alcohol dependence."

9. In helping teens resist the pressure to drink, which advice is NOT given to parents?
a. Tell you teen "If you find yourself at a home where kids are drinking, call me, and I will pick you up. There will be no scolding or punishment."
b. Teach them that not everyone drinks.
c. Help teens plan to host a non-alcoholic party in their home with fun activities. If someone brings alcohol, ask them to leave.
d. Tell your teen all the bad mistakes you made with alcohol when you were a teen.

10. It is not enough just to warn young teens about the dangers of drinking. They need adult supervision. Parents are advised to do all of the following EXCEPT
a. Monitor any alcohol supplies in your house.
b. Have a drink after a hard day at work, saying, "I need a drink." This shows how a teen can drink responsibly.
c. Get to know the parents of your teen's friends.
d. Have clear rules about not drinking until the age of 21, not going to parties that serve alcohol, not having older siblings obtain alcohol for younger ones, and not riding in a car with a driver who has been drinking.

11. Which is NOT true?
a. Parents should simply forbid their teen from associating with questionable friends.
b. Teens should say "No" assertively when refusing alcohol. Stand up straight, look the person in the eye, and say, "No."
c. Parents should never serve alcohol to their teen's friends. In almost every state it is illegal to promote alcohol to minors who are not family members.
d. Parents should teach their teens the importance of choosing friends who are trustworthy and kind rather than who are just popular or "cool."

12. Teens who have the highest risk for developing a problem with alcohol are those who have all of the following EXCEPT those who
a. begin using alcohol and other drugs before the age of 15.
b. have a parent who is an alcoholic.
c. like the taste of beer or wine.
d. have close friends who drink or use drugs.
e. have been aggressive, antisocial, or hard to control from an early age.
f. have experienced childhood abuse or other major trauma.
g. have current behavioral problems and/or are failing at school.
h. have parents who do not support them, do not communicate openly with them, and do not keep track of their behavior or whereabouts.
i. experience ongoing hostility and/or harsh, inconsistent discipline.

13. Which was NOT listed as a warning sign that your teen might have a drinking problem?
a. Mood changes: flare-ups of temper, irritability, and defensiveness.
b. School problems: poor attendance, low grades, and disciplinary action.
c. Rebelling against family rules.
d. The teen spending lots of time in his bedroom and locking the door.
e. Changing friends and not introducing them to the parents.
f. A "nothing matters" attitude: sloppy appearance, a lack of involvement in former interests, and low energy.
g. Finding alcohol in the teen's room or backpack, or smelling alcohol on his breath.
h. Physical or mental problems: memory lapses, poor concentration, bloodshot eyes, lack of coordination, or slurred speech.