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Harnessing the Power of Equine Assisted Counseling --
Adding Animal Assisted Therapy to Your Practice
by Kay Sudekum Trotter © 2012.
(Taylor and Francis Group: New York, NY) All rights reserved [266 pages].
[Answer 18 of 25 questions correctly to receive
11 hours of continuing education credit.]

Chapter 1: Equine Assisted Interventions in Mental Health (p. 1-15)
1. Of the 3 prominent models of equine assisted intervention dominating the equine therapy field today, which one requires that all session activity must be performed with the client remaining on the ground and never mounting the horse?
a. CBEIP -- The Certification Board for Equine Interaction Professionals
b. PATH International -- Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship International
c. EAGALA -- The Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association
d. All of the above.

2. Which is NOT a characteristic of EAC (Equine Assisted Counseling)?
a. It focuses more on insight than action.
b. It emphasizes the here-and-now where the client’s current perspectives are explored (Gestalt Therapy).
c. Love and belonging needs are facilitated through the client’s relationship with the horse (Reality Therapy).
d. It moves the client from feelings of inferiority toward feelings of significance, such as the power the client experiences in getting a 1,200 pound horse, that could easily overpower him, to respond to him. (Alderian Therapy)

Chapter 2: Looking at Equine Assisted Counseling from the Horse‘s Perspective (p. 17-26)
3. Which is NOT true?
a. The best way for a counselor, who is inexperienced with horses, to first connect with a horse is to approach the horse slowly and a little from the side, then leaning forward with an outstretched hand for the horse to sniff.
b. People can learn from horses how to treat people better by learning to invite the horse’s participation rather than ordering it around.
c. Counselors learn to do the opposite of whatever makes a horse feel unsafe or fearful, such as going slow and using repetition until relaxation becomes evident.
d. A horse that is relaxed, friendly, and confident will point its ears out to the side or back.

4. Which is NOT true?
a. A horse that is relaxed and friendly and confident will have its head level with its body, eyes blinking, a quiet tail, will stand quietly with one hind leg cocked, and have regular, rhythmic breathing.
b. A good equine session will avoid using restraint and confinement on the horse, and will not use force, fear, or intimidation.
c. You have to proceed slowly with horses because they are slow learners.
d. Horses tend to reflect the emotional state of the person they are with. Horses also change when the person changes, offering valuable information to the person about their own behavior.

Chapter 3: Techniques that Address Trauma (p. 27-72)

Reclaiming Boundaries Through Equine Assisted Counseling (p. 27-40)

5. The “My Space” activity occurs when a client builds her own space with cones and props in the area. A bucket of grain represents the most precious thing in her life. A horse represents the biggest threat to what is most precious to her. The goal of this activity is for the client to protect her space and what is precious to her for 10 minutes by staying inside her space and not allowing the horse to eat from the bucket of grain.
The purpose of the My Space activity is to teach the client all the following EXCEPT how to
a. avoid confrontation at all costs.
b. reclaim and reestablish her boundaries.
c. distinguish the differences between passive, assertive, and aggressive interactions.
d. Say “No” to others without apology, but rather with strength and dignity.

Animal Assisted Group Interventions for the Treatment of Trauma (p. 41-48)
6. As comfort is established between survivors of trauma and their therapists, the authors expect their clients to share more about themselves and their trauma stories. As they do so, it is important for therapists to help their clients
a. mourn their losses.
b. write down their stories.
c. ask for help.
d. understand the ways they have survived and thrived.

The Magic Room (p. 49-52)
7. The Magic Room is a place where an abused child or adolescent
a. can talk with other abused children or adolescents.
b. can talk with a therapist.
c. can be alone with a horse.
d. can be alone.

Safe Touch Using Horses to Teach Sexually Abused Clients to Value Their Bodies and Themselves (p. 53-58)
8. Chronically abused children and young people often present with inappropriate and sexualized behavior toward their peers. This results in social problems and peer rejection, especially among teenage girls who allow themselves to be sexually touched and then are very quickly rejected. Equine assisted counseling helps with this problem by having the client ______ so the client can then experience non-sexual, close contact with others.
a. ride the horse along with the therapist
b. ride the horse alone
c. watch the therapist brush the horse with just the right amount of pressure and in non-sexual areas
d. brush a horse with just the right amount of pressure and in non-sexual areas

Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy for the Treatment of Trauma (p. 59-72)
9. A client's tone of voice, body posture, and eye contact impact their success in catching a horse in pasture. Some nonverbal types of communication can be seen as aggressive, such as stiff body posture, staring, and loud tones, which will chase the horse away. Softened tones, indirect eye contact, and fluid body movements will cause the horse to approach. In treatment programs, those interactions are often referred to as
a. relaxation techniques.
b. reflective dialogue.
c. TTouch.
d. contingent collaborative communication.

Chapter 4: Techniques that Explore Anxiety and Depression (p. 73-117)

Healing through Horses: Equine Assisted Counseling -- No Place to Hide (p. 73-80)
10. Susan, being treated for PTSD, became aware that she was holding her breath when
a. she first approached the horse and was nervous.
b. she was asked to touch the horse.
c. she was asked to lead the horse around the pen.
d. her therapist pointed out to her that her horse perceived her holding her breath when he stiffened his gait.

Therapeutic Trail Riding for Children and Adults with ADHD and Anxiety Disorders (p. 81-87)
11. Creating a safe therapeutic environment includes matching the right horse to the right person.
For example, an anxious individual would require a _____ horse.
An ADHD client would match well with a _____ horse.
a. spirited, gentle
b. gentle, spirited
c. gentle, gentle
d. spirited, spirited

Exposed Anxiety with Equine Assisted Counseling (p. 89-98)
12. How do horses help anxious clients?
a. A horse will mirror what the client is really thinking rather than the image that the client conveys
b. A horse will mirror the image that the client conveys rather than what the client is really thinking.
c. A horse will quickly approach an anxious client.
d. A horse provides a safety zone for an anxious client.

The Tellington Method: A Technique for Equine Assisted Counseling (p. 99-107)
13. A TTouch that is especially helpful with shy or hesitant horses is the _____, which uses the backside of the hand to touch and move the horse's skin in the one-and-a-quarter circle pattern.
a. Abalone TTouch
b. Clouded Leopard TTouch
c. Leopard TTouch
d. Llama TTouch

Conflict Resolution: The Crosswalk (p. 109-117)
14. What lesson was learned at the end of the crosswalk after the horse tore up the paper that said, "Where I Stand"?
a. The daughter said she needed to listen to her mother more.
b. The mother said she needed to listen to her daughter more.
c. The daughter said her mother needed to listen to her more.
d. The mother said they did not listen to each other. They both wanted the other person to be quiet so they could attack the other.

Chapter 5: Techniques that Speak to Atypical Behaviors (p. 119-149)

Heart-to-Heart Rainbow: An Imagery Experience to Facilitate Relationship Development (p. 119-127)

15. The Heart-to-Heart Rainbow is an imagery exercise that helps develop relationship skills and repair the misinterpretation of nonverbal cues that have evolved through trauma. For example, an insecurely attached adopted child can learn to develop a relationship with a horse and then use these skills with the adoptive parents. The child's ability to relax, to respect, and to emotionally connect with the horse would be observable
a. in the horse's behavior of relaxed ears, front feet squared, body still, and eyes soft.
b. only to the equine specialist ((ES).
c. only if the adoptive parents were present at the session.
d. only after several sessions with a horse.

You Gotta Crack a Few Eggs (p. 129-132)
16. This Equine Assisted Counseling technique of getting a horse to the other end of the arena with a hard-boiled egg on it is designed to teach addicts that relapse is caused by
a. associating with the wrong crowd.
b. the addict's reaction to environment, things, and people.
c. skipping 12-Step meetings.
d. not trying hard enough.

Treatment of Autism and Attachment with Interpersonal Equine Therapy (p. 133-149)
17. The purpose of autistic clients learning their own meditative and self-hypnotic scripts is to
a. help them decide which horse to work with.
b. aid them in learning how horses join up with other horses and what relationship contracts they have with each other.
c. help them manage anxiety, fear, and frustration and thereby learn to self-regulate their nervous systems.
d. assist them in lead rope negotiations with their horses.

Chapter 6: Techniques that Focus on Social Skills and Communication (p. 151-218)

Out of the Starting Gate: A Practical First Approach to Equine Assisted Activities (p. 151-163)
18. The chief role of facilitators is to
a. elicit observations about client behavior.
b. elicit observations about horse behavior.
c. elicit interpretations about client behavior.
d. elicit interpretations about horse behavior.

Equine Assisted Counseling with Deaf Families (p. 165-179)
19. A cultural advantage of using Equine Assisted Counseling for Deaf families is that ____.
This helped Deaf clients increase their awareness of body language in the horse as well as in family members.
a. interpreters tend to be quite knowledgeable about horses.
b. deaf clients tend to be less blunt in communicating with family members.
c. horses rarely communicate with voice.
d. horses bond quicker with deaf clients than with clients having other disabilities.

Social Skills and Communication Shaped by Equine Baseball (p. 181-192)
20. How do horses help clients improve their social skills and communication?
a. Clients can observe how a horse is responding either positively or negatively to his own behavior, adjust their behavior accordingly, and then make these same adjustments toward their families and communities.
b. Horse are inherently likeable. Therefore, most clients are highly motivated to make necessary changes in their social skills and communication.
c. Even though horses have different personalities, most horses can be motivated using the same methods. The client can then take these methods and use them with family and community.
d. Playing baseball with horses teaches client-teams how to lead their horses around the bases. While doing this, they talk to the other team members about how to move the horse. Afterward, they discuss the effectiveness of their verbal communication.

Life's Obstacle Course (p. 193-194)
(No question)

Is Labeling People Really Harmless? Using Equines to Explore Labeling Stigma (p. 195-199)
21. What do participants discuss after all the labels are put on the horse?
a. How we label people.
b. The importance of putting the labels where they belong.
c. How to be non-judgmental.
d. How to bond with others.

The Use of Mythological Themes to Elicit Socially Appropriate Behavioral Skills (p. 201-218)
22. What made Donna and her mother, whose home was previously filled with tension and where the mother, never smiled, love one another?
a. Donna was diagnosed with stage 4 breast cancer and her mother felt sorry for her.
b. When Donna and her mother bonded with one horse, they ended up bonding with each other.
c. It was a requirement of the Journey EAC program to get along if they wanted to participate.
d. Donna was the first one to forgive her mother. This softened her mother toward Donna.

Chapter 7: Techniques that Improve Self-Esteem and Self-Worth (p. 219-266)

Improvement of Self-Efficacy through Participation in Great and Small, a Therapeutic Horseback Riding Program (p. 219-232)

23. After riding for only 6 months, the Great and Small program helped Jenna, a woman in her 50s with multiple sclerosis(MS), to achieve all of the following EXCEPT
a. better ankle flexibility.
b. better posture.
c. more core stability.
d. being able to mount her horse with no assistance.

Using Equine Assisted Counseling with Psychotherapists in a Group Setting (p. 233-240)
(No question)

EASEL: Equine Assisted Social-Emotional Learning (p. 241-252)
24. In EASEL, the ultimate goal of making friends is to be able to
a. lead a horse without a halter or lead rope.
b. ride bareback.
c. play with the horse at liberty.
d. bond through grooming.

Grounded Strategies that Improve Self-Efficacy (p. 253-263)
25. To achieve a treatment outcome of admirability, the author uses the strategy called ___.
a. grazing
b. alpha
c. gathered-up
d. nose-to-nose